What is scoliosis?
Scoliosis is the twisting and bending of the spine. The lumbar vertebrae as well as the thoracic and cervical vertebrae are affected. These changes are visible through a rib hump and/or lumbar bulge. Those affected notice a lack of mobility in the spine and ribs. This causes incorrect loading and the resulting pain.
80% of scoliosis are congenital, the cause is unknown, only 20% are caused by muscle or nerve diseases.
The first signs of scoliosis can already be discovered in childhood, with girls being affected 4:1 more often than boys.
The longer scoliosis remains untreated, the greater its impact on the entire organism. Depending on the severity, not only can the individual vertebral bodies change in their bone structure and shape, but the changed position of the ribs can also impair breathing and cardiac output. The consequence of this is reduced performance. In the case of pronounced scoliosis, impairments of other internal organs can also occur due to their narrowing.
Without treatment, the deformations will inevitably worsen; depending on the findings, the clinical picture can worsen by 1 degree per year.
What is hyperkyphosis?
Like scoliosis, hyperkyphosis is also a spinal deformity.
Hyperkyphosis is the bending of the thoracic spine in the direction of a rounded back with increasing stiffening of the vertebrae. Common causes are Bechterew’s disease, Scheuermann’s disease and osteoporosis.
Hyperkyphosis can also limit the internal organs, breathing and cardiac output. The incorrect loading of the vertebral bodies and the ribs can cause pain and massive movement restrictions.
Scoliosis therapy according to Katharina Schroth
Catherine Schroth was born in Dresden in 1894. She herself suffered from severe scoliosis and found out that she could positively influence the deformation of her spine through targeted breathing and intensive postural regulation. Her daughter Christa Lehnert-Schroth continued her years of work on herself and later on other sufferers in a small sanatorium in Bad Sobernheim. The clinic was handed over to the Asklepius Group in 1995, and a second scoliosis center was established in Bad Salzungen, where our therapists Tanja Roth and Uwe Bätz completed their training as Schroth therapists.
The correct angle of rotation breathing is an essential part of the therapy. The posture and movement sensitivity of the affected patients is trained via sensorimotor feedback mechanisms in order to achieve independent correction of the curvatures in all three dimensions (lateral inclination, twisting, forward and/or backward inclination).
A correct and intensive diagnosis is essential for the treatment, in which a therapy plan is drawn up on the basis of the X-ray images and the visual and movement findings on the patient. This plan is very individual and requires constant monitoring and adjustment by the therapist.
An intensive home exercise program, which the patients can carry out independently and also use in everyday life, is essential for the success of the therapy.